It is useful to know the PQRRR, also known as the PQ3R Method (i.e. Preview, Question, Read, Recite and Review). The benefits of the PQ3R method include the following:
- It reduces reading and studying time,
- It involves greater concentration and focus while reading, and
- It improves the recall of key information.
Preview: Scanning helps you focus in on the key information. By scanning, you get an overview of the material you are about to read. You can do this by:
- Examining the chapter and section titles, headings and subheadings,
- Reading introductions, conclusions and chapter summaries.
Question: Questioning is very important and assists in understanding your work. Develop a series of guiding questions and apply them to what you read. You can do this by:
- Formulating and applying factual questions, analytical questions, and critical questions.
- Such questions usually begin with “who, what, where, when, why and how.”
Read: Reading is a crucial skill. When you read you texts, poems, short-stories, plays, study guides, etc. ensure that you:
- Highlight/ make notes about the main ideas of the text in the margin as you go.
- Create summary notes after each major section, or at the conclusion of your reading. This will help you to consolidate the learning you have done while reading.
Recite: By writing out or verbally reciting what you have read, you provide yourself with a way to recall what you have read and critically question the knowledge that you have acquired.
Review: Frequently review your summary notes, highlights, and questions.